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What is an Annuity and How Does It Guarantee Income?

September 5, 2018

Watch this educational video which offers important information on how to ensure a successful retirement by creating additional income streams now

An annuity is a financial instrument primarily used for retirement planning, known for its ability to provide a guaranteed income stream. It's a contract between an individual and an insurance company designed to meet long-term retirement goals by offering a unique blend of income security and growth potential.

The Core Principle of Annuities

The fundamental appeal of annuities lies in their ability to convert accumulated savings into a steady income stream, which can be guaranteed for life or a specific period. This characteristic addresses one of the most significant concerns in retirement planning: the risk of outliving one's savings.

Types of Annuities and Income Guarantees

  1. Fixed Annuities: They offer a guaranteed interest rate, ensuring a stable, predictable income. The insurer agrees to pay a specified return on the investment, which translates into regular income payments to the annuitant.
  2. Variable Annuities: These link the growth potential and income to investments in various assets, like stocks and bonds. While they offer the possibility of higher returns, they also carry more risk, including the potential for loss. The income from a variable annuity depends on the performance of the chosen investments.

How Annuities Provide Guaranteed Income

  • Accumulation Phase: This is when the individual contributes to the annuity, either as a lump sum or through regular payments. During this phase, the money typically grows on a tax-deferred basis.
  • Distribution Phase: At a predetermined time, typically upon retirement, the annuity starts to pay out. These payments can be structured in various ways, including:
    • Lifetime Income: Offers a guaranteed income for the rest of the individual's life.
    • Fixed Period: Provides payments for a specific number of years.
    • Lump Sum: A one-time payment of the accumulated funds.

The Role of Insurance Companies

Insurance companies, which issue annuities, manage the funds contributed by individuals. They invest these funds to ensure they can meet the future income obligations. The guarantee of income is underpinned by the financial strength and management acumen of the insurance company.

Tax Advantages

One of the significant benefits of annuities is the tax-deferred growth of the invested funds. Taxes are only due when withdrawals are made, which can be strategically planned to fall in a period when the individual is potentially in a lower tax bracket, such as retirement.

Considerations Before Investing in Annuities

Before investing in an annuity, it's crucial to consider:

  • Investment Goals and Time Horizon: Align the type of annuity with retirement goals and the time available for the investment to grow.
  • Risk Tolerance: Assess comfort with risk, especially for variable annuities which are subject to market fluctuations.
  • Fees and Expenses: Understand the fees associated with annuities, as they can impact the net return on investment.
  • Insurance Company’s Reputation: Research the financial strength and stability of the insurance company offering the annuity.


Annuities stand out in the financial world for their ability to provide a guaranteed income, which is especially crucial in the retirement years. They offer various options to suit different investment profiles, from those seeking stability to others willing to embrace market risks for potentially higher returns. However, like any financial decision, investing in an annuity requires a careful evaluation of personal financial situations, goals, and the terms of the annuity contract. With the right choice, an annuity can be a cornerstone of a secure and stable retirement plan.


The opinions voiced in this material are for general information only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual. To determine which investments may be appropriate for you, consult with your financial advisor.
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